HISTORY: The John L. Fryer Salmon Disease Laboratory (SDL) is a regional fish disease facility dedicated to the study of organisms infectious for salmonids and other species of freshwater fish. The laboratory is named for Dr. John L. Fryer, who pioneered the fish disease research program at Oregon State University. The SDL was constructed through a grant from the Bonneville Power Administration with matching funds from OSU.
FACILITY: The 9,000 square foot facility is supplied with specific-pathogen free fresh water at an ambient temperature of 12.8 ºC. The water is UV sterilized to eliminate pathogens, and effluent is treated with chorine to prevent the escape of any pathogens.
- The Stock Area has 49 tanks of various sizes from three to twelve feet in diameter for stock fish and experiments not involving infectious agents.
- The Experimental Area is a flexible design, and currently has 128 one hundred-liter tanks, 120 twenty-five liter tanks, and 18 thirty gallon aquaria for zebrafish research. User fees are in effect for the various size tanks.
- Heated and Chilled Water. Temperature units can be programmed to deliver heated water from 13-28ºC, making this laboratory positioned for studies on the effect of climate change on aquatic organisms. Temperature controls can also be programmed to replicate diurnal temperature fluctuations, allowing researchers to closely emulate natural conditions. The laboratory also has some capacity for chilling water below ambient temperature.
- Isolation/Quarantine Lab. Provides an area to work with non-endemic aquatic organisms and pathogens. The isolation room has over 300 square feet of climate-controlled space for specialized studies, shelves and racks for tubs holding animals, twenty-four 25 liter tanks and a separate necropsy room.
Other areas of the SDL include a necropsy room, a multi-user laboratory space (with microscopes, centrifuges, incubators and other basic laboratory equipment), office space and a conference room/library.
CURRENT RESEARCH PROJECTS AT THE FACIILITY
- Dr. Jerri Bartholomew, Department of Microbiology, OSU. Klamath River myxozoan research, diseases of wild fish, interactions between wild and hatchery fish.
- Dr. Michael Kent, Department of Microbiology, OSU. Diseases of zebrafish.
- Dr. Jan Spitsbergen, Department of Microbiology, OSU.
- Drs. Tiffany Garcia (Department of Fish and Wildlife) and Michael Adams (USGS). Chytrid fungus in amphibians.
- Dr. Thomas Chen, University of Connecticut. Development of disease resistant fish by genetic manipulation of antimicrobial peptide genes.
- Dr. Ling Jin, College of Veterinary Medicine, OSU. Koi herpesvirus.
- Mr. Shaun Clements, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. Native fish investigations.
- Dr. Oriol Sunyer, University of Pennsylvania. Mucosal immunity in teleosts.