Dr. Martin Schuster, Associate Professor

schuster Office 422 Nash Hall
Phone 541-737-3496
FAX 541-737-0496
Email martin.schuster@oregonstate.edu
Education           
Ph.D. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Research Interests:  Bacterial cooperation and communication

Courses Taught MB 430/530 Bacterial Pathogenesis; MB 555 Biology of the Prokaryotes; MCB 555 Genome Expression and Regulation

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RESEARCH

The Schuster Lab at OSU is interested in the mechanisms and evolution of bacterial cooperation and communication.  Microbial cooperative behaviors are ubiquitous and important in pathogenic and non-pathogenic environments.  They serve as tractable models for the evolution and maintenance of cooperation in general.  In particular, we investigate two cooperative behaviors in medically and ecologically relevant Pseudomonas bacteria:  Cell-cell communication, also termed quorum sensing, and siderophore-mediated iron acquisition.  We link mechanistic and evolutionary inquiry.  We investigate the biochemistry, genetics, and physiology of these behaviors to uncover mechanisms that stabilize cooperation.  We also investigate social interactions at the population level within and between species, to better understand evolutionary dynamics.  We combine reductionist and systems approaches, aided by various -omics techniques and mathematical modeling.

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

Pub Med

Sexton, D.J. and Schuster, M.  (2017).  Nutrient limitation determines the fitness of cheaters in bacterial siderophore cooperation.  Nat. Comm.; 8 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00222-2.

Sexton, D.J., Glover, R.C., Loper, J.E., and Schuster, M.  (2017).  Pseudomonas protegens Pf-5 favours self-produced siderophore over free-loading in interspecies competition for iron.  Environ. Microbiol. doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.13836.

Schuster, M., Sexton, D.J. and Hense, B.A.  (2017).  Why quorum sensing controls private goods.  Front Microbiol.  8:885.

Asfahl, K.L. and Schuster, M.  (2016).  Social interactions in bacterial cell-cell signaling.  FEMS Microbiol. Rev. pii:  fuw038; PMID: 27677972.

Asfahl, K.L., Walsh, J., Gilbert, K., and Schuster, M. (2015). Non-social adaptation defers a tragedy of the commons in Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing.  ISME J. 9(8):1734-46.

Hense, B. and Schuster, M. (2015). Core principles of bacterial autoinducer systems. Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev., 79(1):153-69.

Morgun, A., Dzutsev, A., Dong, X., Greer, R.L., Sexton, D.J., Ravel, J., Schuster, M., Hsiao, W., Matzinger, P., and Shulzhenko, N.  (2015).  Uncovering effects of antibiotics on the host and microbiota using transkingdom gene networks.  Gut. 64(11):1731-43.

Mellbye, B.L., and Schuster, M. (2014). A physiological framework for the regulation of quorum-sensing dependent public goods in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.  J. Bacteriol. 196:1155-64.

Schuster, M., Sexton, J., Diggle, S., and Greenberg, E.P. (2013). Acyl-homoserine lactone quorum sensing:  From mechanism to evolution. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 67:43-63.

Gupta, R. and Schuster, M.  (2013).  Negative regulation of bacterial quorum sensing tunes public goods cooperation.  ISME J. 7(11):2159-68.

Mellbye, B.L., and Schuster, M. (2011). The sociomicrobiology of antivirulence drug resistance: A proof of concept.  mBio 2: e00131-11.

Wilder, C., Allada, G., and Schuster, M. (2009). Instantaneous within-patient diversity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing populations from cystic fibrosis lung infections. Infect. Immun. 77: 5631-5639

Gilbert, K., Kim, T. H., Gupta, R., Greenberg, E. P., and Schuster, M. (2009). Global position analysis of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing transcription factor LasR. Mol. Microbiol. 73: 1072-1085

Sandoz, K.M., Mitzimberg, S.M., and Schuster, M. (2007). Social cheating in Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 104: 15876-15881

Rampioni, G., Schuster, M., Greenberg, E.P., Bertani, I., Grasso, M., Venturi, V., Zennaro, E., and Leoni, L.  (2007).  RsaL provides quorum sensing homeostasis and functions as a global regulator of gene expression in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.  Mol. Microbiol. 66(6):1557-65.

Schuster, M. and Greenberg, E.P.  (2007).  Early activation of quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aeruginosa reveals the architecture of a complex regulon.  BMC Genomics.  8:287.

Schuster, M., and Greenberg, E.P. (2006). A network of networks:  Quorum sensing gene regulation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Int. J. Med. Microbiol. 296: 73-81

Sonnleitner, E., Schuster, M., Sorger-Domenigg, T., Greenberg, E.P., and Blaesi, U. (2006). Hfq-dependent alterations of the transcriptome profile and effects on quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Mol. Microbiol. 59: 1542-1558

Schuster, M., Urbanowski, M.L., and Greenberg, E.P. (2004). Promoter specificity in Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing revealed by DNA binding of purified LasR. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101: 15833-15877

Schuster, M., Hawkins, A.C., Harwood, C.S., and Greenberg, E.P. (2004). The Pseudomonas aeruginosa RpoS regulon and its relationship to quorum sensing. Mol. Microbiol. 51: 973-985

Schuster, M., Lostroh, C.P., Ogi, T., and Greenberg, E.P. (2003). Identification, timing, and signal specificity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-controlled genes: a transcriptome analysis. J. Bacteriol.185: 2066-2079

Schuster, M., Silversmith, R.E., and Bourret, R.B. (2001). Conformational coupling in the chemotaxis response regulator CheY. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98: 6003-6008